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Clawfoot Tub Education

Glossary

Acrylic: A material containing acryl; a synthetic glassy thermoplastic that can be molded and cast into such items as bathtubs. American Bath Factory acrylic tubs are crafted from two ¼” sheets of high-quality cast acrylic, bonded together with a patented crushed stone/resin compound to give the tubs thickness, strength, and weight.

ADA Compliant: Adheres to the standards and guidelines listed by the Americans with Disabilities Act. The

Angle Stop/Angle Shut-Off: A stop valve with a 90° turn from the inlet to the outlet piping. Mainly used when the connection needs to be made in the wall and not the floor. Most sink supply lines require angle valves to make the water line connection in the wall.

Ballcock: A valve used to fill a toilet. When a toilet is flushed and water is released into the tank, the ballcock will be tripped at a predetermined level to begin filling the tank again. The American Standard Champion Right Height Elongated Toilet features a 10-year warranty.

Basin Taps: Sink faucets with separate hot and cold valves that do not mix the water.

Basket Strainer: A device with holes inserted into a drain opening that allows water to pass through, but catches most solids. For a kitchen sink, take a look at the Whitehaus Collection 3 1/2' Basket Strainer.

Bridge Faucet: A mixer faucet on fixed centers with an exposed, above-sink connection of the hot and cold valves. The spout does not connect directly to the sink or countertop on which the faucet is mounted. The Strom Plumbing Columbia Set with Gooseneck Spout is a good example of a bridge faucet.

Brushed Nickel: A nickel finish that has been treated to dull the finish. Also known as matte nickel or satin nickel. This finish varies among manufacturers. The Elizabethan Classics Telephone Handshower Faucet is shown in satin nickel.

Centers: The measurement from the middle of the hot faucet-hole drilling to the middle of the cold faucet-hole drilling. The Strom Plumbing Wall-Mounted Tub Filler with Porcelain Cross Handles fits on tubs drilled with 3-3/8” centers.

Centerset Faucet: A sink faucet that fits on 4” centers with the hot and cold valves and spout as one unit. The Elizabethan Classics Centerset Lavatory Faucet is available with a variety of handle options.

Clawfoot Tub: A freestanding bathtub most commonly made of cast iron that is supported by feet usually resembling a claw clutching a ball. The classic 5’ Roll Rim Clawfoot Tub with Wall Drillings is our most popular soaking tub.

Compression Fitting: A pipe connection created by tightening a nut and thereby compressing a washer or gasket to form a water tight seal.

Console Sink: A larger wall-mounted bathroom sink with 2 to 4 decorative legs. Take a look at Vintage Tub & Bath’s selection of console sinks.

Deck Mount: Also known as Rim Mount. The installation of a tub faucet directly on the rim of a clawfoot tub or on the surrounding platform of a drop-in tub. The Strom Plumbing English Telephone Faucet with 6” risers is an example of a deck-mounted bathtub faucet.

Diverter: A valve on a faucet that changes the movement of water to a different outlet. On the Strom Plumbing English Telephone Faucet, the diverter switches the flow of water from the tub fill to the handshower.

Double-Ended Tub: A symmetrical bathtub with each end rounded and, typically, a center mounting drain and faucet. The 68” Double-Ended Clawfoot Tub is one example of this type of clawfoot tub.

Double Offset Supply Lines: Supply lines that bend twice from the connection at the faucet to allow for an 8” floor rough-in.

Double Slipper Tub: A double-ended tub with both ends extending upwards and, typically, a center mounting drain and faucet. Vintage Tub & Bath’s 72” Double-Ended Slipper Tub with 7” Rim Drillings is a stunning addition to any bathroom.

Escutcheon: A decorative plate used on piping to conceal the cut surface through which the pipe extends. May also be referred to as a flange. The escutcheons on the bottoms of the Strom Plumbing Tub Supply Lines with Shut-Off Valves conceal the cut floor and attached piping coming out of the floor.

Exposed Shower: A shower unit usually mounted on the bathroom wall whereby the piping from the faucet body to the shower head is in front of the wall.

Female Threads: Pipe threading that is found on the inside of the pipe.

Fireclay: A variation of vitreous china that has greater amounts of quartz and feldspar in the clay material. It is denser, thicker, and heavier than regular clay. These characteristics allow for a durable, smooth, flat surface on large fixtures not attainable with standard vitreous china. Take a look at our selection of Fireclay Kitchen Sinks.

Flapper: The part of the flush valve in a toilet that allows water to enter and exit the tank.

GPF: Gallons Per Flush. Current US regulations require all new toilets to be no more than 1.6 GPF.

High-Tank Toilet: A toilet with a separate tank and bowl with the tank mounted to the wall high above the bowl. Also called a pull-chain toilet.

IPS: Iron Pipe Size. Standard pipe threading, measured by the inside of the pipe. The Strom Plumbing Extended Tub Drain with Rubber Stopper has 1-3/8” IPS tubing.

Lift and Turn Drain: A drain that utilizes a stopper controlled by the motion of lifting and turning the stopper by hand. The Strom Plumbing Lift and Turn Tub Drain is one example.

Lift Gate Service: A service provided by freight companies that allows their cargo to be lowered from the truck to ground level by a mechanized platform.

Loctite®: A waterproof adhesive used to secure threaded connections on pipes.

Male Threads: Pipe threading that is found on the outside of the pipe.

Matte Nickel: A nickel finish that has been treated to dull the finish. Also known as satin nickel or brushed nickel.

Mixing Valve: A faucet valve used to combine hot and cold water to achieve desired water temperature.

Nipple: A short piece of pipe threaded on both ends. Mainly used to extend connections.

OD: Outside Diameter. The measurement of a pipe from outside edge to outside edge. The Strom Plumbing Gooseneck Shower Enclosure has a shower ring with ¾” OD.

One-Piece Toilet: A toilet manufactured with the tank and bowl as a single unit.

Pedestal Sink: A bathroom sink that sits on a column. The column is meant to hide the plumbing of the drain and P-trap.

Pedestal Tub: Generally, a tub consisting of the body of a clawfoot tub sitting on a base instead of feet.

Plumber’s Putty: A pliable substance used to seal pipe joints and fixtures.

Pressure Balance: A device, usually within the water supply lines, that maintains the current water pressure in a faucet if water is being used elsewhere within the building. The Strom Plumbing Pressure Balance Supply Lines is one example of supply lines with this type of system.

P-Trap: The trap connecting a sink drain to the plumbing behind the wall. The P shape of the pipe traps foreign objects and prevents sewer gasses from escaping.

Quarter-turn Valves: Modern, ceramic valves that are washerless and require only a quarter turn of the valve to be completely open or closed. All of the faucets on VintageTub.com have quarter-turn valves unless otherwise noted. The Strom Plumbing Gooseneck Tub Faucet is an example of one of the clawfoot tub faucets with quarter-turn valves.

Reducing Washer: A washer used to connect pipes of different sizes.

Riser: The straight piping attached to tub faucet valves to raise the faucet higher above the rim of the bathtub. Sometimes referred to as a deck-mount couplers. Also, the pipe connected to the top of the tub faucet body to allow a shower head attachment. The Strom Plumbing Deck-Mounted Tub Faucet with 6” Risers is an example of a clawfoot bathtub faucet with risers.

Roll Rim / Roll Top Tub: The classic clawfoot tub with one end straight and one end rounded. The 60” Acrylic Classic Roll Rim Tub is one example of this type of bathtub.

Rough-in: For plumbing, a preliminary step to measure and prepare the surface to accept such piping as a drain and water supply lines.

Satin Nickel: A nickel finish that has been treated to dull the finish. Also known as matte nickel or brushed nickel.

Shower Enclosure: Allows a shower setup within a clawfoot tub. Typically includes a tub faucet, riser pipe, shower head, shower ring, ceiling support, and wall support. The Strom Plumbing English Telephone Faucet Shower Enclosure is one example of a shower enclosure.

Shut-off Valve: A stop valve on a water supply tube that cuts off the flow of water when turned. Allows water to be turned off locally without shutting off supply to entire house.

Single Offset Supply Lines: Supply lines that bend once from the connection at the faucet to allow for a 3-3/8” rough-in.

Single Post Faucet: A sink faucet that requires only one hole drilling on the sink or countertop.

Slipper Tub: A clawfoot bath tub with one end of the tub extending higher than the other end.

Stanley Couplers: Solid brass attachments to a tub that create a flat surface and allow a faucet to be mounted almost anywhere along the curved roll rim.

Stillson Wrech: A pipe wrench with adjustable jaw. A “smooth-jawed” Stillson is recommended for use in the installation of plated plumbing fixtures to protect their finish.

Straight Stop / Straight Shut Off: A stop valve with straight inlet and outlet piping mainly used if the connection is made through the floor and not the wall.

Strap Wrench: A type of wrench with a flexible strap used to prevent scratching or damage to plated surfaces.

Supercoated Brass: A protective finish applied to brass to prevent tarnishing. Strom Plumbing's supercoating is a “2-part epoxy, applied electrostatically, and baked on to insure a lasting shine.” Choose a Strom Plumbing Shower Enclosure in supercoated brass for a carefree finish.

Supply Lines: The piping necessary to supply water to a faucet. The Strom Plumbing Straight Supply Lines are an example of lines used for a deck-mounted faucet.

Sweated Connection: A soldered connection between pipes.

Swing Arm Couplers: Parts attached to a faucet body to allow for a greater range of installation possibilities for non-standard faucet drillings. Sometimes referred to as swivel connectors or S-unions. The Strom Plumbing English Telephone Faucet has swing arm couplers that allow it to fit on drillings between 3” and 12”.

Teflon® Tape: A tape used to wrap threaded pipe fittings to create a water-tight seal.

Thermostatic: A device, usually within a faucet, that maintains the current water temperature if water is being used elsewhere in the building. This is not an anti-scald device. The Strom Plumbing Thermostatic Tub Faucet is one example of a tub faucet with a thermostatic device.

Two-Piece Toilet: A toilet with a separate tank and bowl connected by bolts.

Vacuum Breaker: A small device used as an attachment to a handshower hose to prevent back siphoning of bath water – frequently, a plumbing code requirement. The Strom Plumbing Vacuum Breaker goes between the faucet body and handshower hose.

Variable Centers: A faucet that is able to fit a range of faucet drilling centers. The Strom Plumbing Deck-Mounted Gooseneck Faucet is a tub faucet that can fit rim drillings from 3-3/8” to 9-3/8” on center.

Vessel Sink: A bathroom sink that sits on top of the counter. This style harkens back to the pre-indoor plumbing days of the pitcher and wash basin atop a dresser.

Vitreous China: A nonporous, hard clay material that is fired to create a smooth, glassy surface. Used in the manufacture of toilets and Strom Plumbing Gooseneck Tub Faucet is an example of a wall-mounted tub faucet and the Spring House Leg Tub Faucet is an example of a wall-mounted lavatory faucet.

Wall Mount Couplers: Attachments to the body of a tub faucet to allow the faucet to be connected to a wall.

Waste and Overflow: The complete assembly used to empty water from a tub through the overflow hole and drain hole. The Strom Plumbing Tub Drain with Rubber Stopper is one example of a tub waste and overflow.

Water Closet: An old term for a toilet derived from the common placement of the toilet in a small, closet-sized room.

Water Depth: The measurement from the bottom of the drain to the bottom of the overflow hole.

Widespread Faucet: A sink faucet meant to fit 8” centers and wider with separate hot and cold valves and spout.

Zud® – A non-abrasive cleanser recommended for getting stains out of porcelain.